Hydrodilation or hydrodistension of the Bladder
Hydrodilation or hydrodistension of the bladder is a treatment used to treat interstitial cystitis, chronic painful bladder syndrome. It is a chronic inflammation or irritation of the bladder. This disorder is characterized by chronic bladder pain, discomfort and troubling urinary symptoms. Hydrodilation or hydrodistension of the bladder focuses on treating the symptoms of interstitial cystitis. It works by stretching the bladder with fluid in an effort to increase bladder capacity and reduce pain. When it works, it is generally effective for several months.
Hydrodilation or hydrodistension procedure
During the procedure, the patient is sedated under anesthesia. The doctor uses a cytoscope (small tube with camera) to view the inside of the bladder and urethra. A small catheter is inserted through the urethraand the bladder is then stretched to its capacity by filling it with saline or sterile water solution. After a certain amount of holding time, the fluid is drained out. Hydrodilation of the bladder is a minimally invasive procedure with minimal side effects. It is always possible that it may aggravate urinary symptoms. Side effects are temporary, lasting only about 1 to 2 days after the procedure, and may include mild pain and blood in the urine. Pain medication may be prescribed for temporary discomfort. Antibiotics are given to cover for risk of infection. In many cases, bladder symptoms respond well to this treatment, and patients may get reprieve from symptoms for several months or more. Hydrodilation or hydrodistension of the bladder may be repeated as symptoms worsen as an effective form of treatment for the symptoms of interstitial cystitis.