Reasons for a Cystoscopy
A cystoscopy may be necessary for diagnostic or as part of other procedures. These reasons include:
● Determining the cause of blood in the urine (either microscopic or visible to you)
● Diagnosing the reason for recurrent urinary tract infections
● Detecting blockages in the urethra
● Removing tissue samples for biopsy
● Removing foreign objects
● For difficult to place urinary catheters
The Cystoscopy Procedure
Before undergoing a cystoscopy, urine is evaluated to check for presence of infection. The patient is instructed to empty the bladder and given a dose of antibiotics for prevention of infection. Once the anesthesia, whether local or general, has been administered, the doctor inserts the cystoscope through the urethra and advances it into the bladder. Sterile water or a saline solution is used to fill the urethra and bladder, stretching their walls to provide the doctor with a more detailed view of the inner tissue.
Under some circumstances. additional miniature instruments may be inserted through the cystoscope to collect tissue samples for biopsy (if done in the operating room).
Complications of a Cystoscopy
A cystoscopy is considered a safe procedure, with no foreseeable major risks for patient. Patient may experience some burning with urination, small amount of blood or irritation when urinating. It is encouraged for patients to drink increased water after the procedure. Any symptoms experienced, generally resolve on 24-48 hours after procedure. There is always a risk of infection due to the procedure.